Mutual fund is process of pooling the resources by issuing units to the investors and investing funds in different securities in accordance with objectives as per the disclosed offer document.Under Mutual Fund the investments in securities are spread across a wide cross-section of industries and sectors and thus the risk is reduced.
Diversification reduces the risk because all stocks may not move in the same direction in the same proportion at the same time. Mutual fund issues units to the investors in accordance with quantum of money invested by them. Investors of mutual funds are known as unitholders.
The profits or losses are shared by the investors in proportion to their investments. The mutual funds normally come out with a number of schemes with different investment objectives which are launched from time to time. A mutual fund is required to be registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) which regulates securities markets before it can collect funds from the public.